Origin Editorial

Understanding Box Plots

Fast Facts:

Box plots give your audience a visual representation of the most frequently occurring value as well as the spread in your data

Displaying critical statistics on a box plot makes information easier to digest than reading the same information on a crowded table

Box plots allow you to quickly compare two different groups of data, whether you’re comparing year-to-year or journal-to-journal

November 17, 2022

By: Sherrie Hill and Kristen Overstreet

Box plots are an excellent way to show detailed information about data with a range of values. Editorial office personnel are often asked to report on key indicators for their journal which do not inherently have a single value, such as the time to initial decision. Since all submissions will not get an initial decision in exactly the same number of days, there will be a range of times. Some journals address this by reporting the average time to initial decision. However, if the data is not normally distributed or has significant outliers, the average may not be the best statistic to use for this data. The median value is often a good alternative to the average value in these cases.

Though reporting the median might provide a better representation of what most authors experience, it does not tell the full story. The better solution is to report not only the median but also the variance in the data. Variance gives your reader an understanding of how spread out your data is from the median or average value. When reporting the median, we usually report the interquartile range (IQR) to give information about the spread or variance in the data. For more information on the interquartile range, read our blog post Outliers, Consistency and Context: The Importance of Reporting Variability in Editorial Office Performance Data.

Let’s consider a scenario where we have three journals, which all report an average time to initial decision of 38 days. On the surface, we would assume that the authors for all three journals will have about the same experience regardless of which of these journals they choose to submit to.

 

However, if we take a closer look, we might get a better view of the journals’ true performance. Firstly, let’s look at the median time to initial decision for each journal. To determine the median, we first arrange the data points in sequential order (ascending or descending).  Then look for the middle value from the list.  Note, if the data set contains an even number of values, take the average between the middle two numbers. From the data below, we can see that the median shows a slightly different picture than the average. However, the values are not significantly different, and it still appears that the journals perform fairly similarly. Based solely on the median value, we might expect that the manuscripts for Journal B may reach an initial decision a few days before Journal A.

 

To understand the spread of the data points (variance), we will also look at the interquartile range, which describes the “Middle 50%”, where half of all the values fall. With the values still in sequential order, divide them equally into four sections (quarters or quartiles). In our time to initial decision example, the first quartile (Q1) contains the data points for the manuscripts that had the fastest time to initial decision. The fourth quartile (Q4) contains the data points for the manuscripts that had the slowest time to initial decision. In our example, the quartile dividing lines for Q1 and Q3 fall between two values.  As noted above, we will need to report average values for Q1 and Q3.

 

We are mostly interested in what “typically” happens, which we see in the second and third quartiles (Q2 and Q3). This range of values is called the Middle 50% or Interquartile Range (IQR). To calculate the IQR, subtract the Q1 value from the Q3 value. This number represents the spread or variance for the most commonly occurring values from the middle of the data. Since the summary table shows the median and quartile information, it tells your reader everything that they need to know to better understand the data.

However, it is often easier for readers to interpret the data when they see it represented graphically. Box plots are the best way to visually show the median and interquartile range, as well as the minimum and maximum values. To better interpret box plots, it helps to understand how they are created. If I were to take each of the time to initial decision data points and plot them on a chart for each of the journals, I would get a graph like the one below (left). We could then show our data as it was grouped equally into four boxes (quartiles) for each journal. Note that though each of the boxes has the same number of data points, the size of the box is not the same. Data points that are more similar (more densely packed) result in smaller boxes. When we see a box plot with shorter boxes, we know that there is less variance in that data. In our example, smaller boxes would indicate that the authors for these manuscripts had a very similar time to initial decision.

 

We want to report the information about the Middle 50% so that the reader understands the variance in our data. To do this, we need to know the value at the top of the first box which contains a quarter of the data. We call this value the first quartile (Q1). The highest value of interest for the Middle 50% is the value at the top of the third box, which is called the third quartile (Q3). You will notice that the value which is at the top of the second box is the value that is in the middle of all the data points (median value). The IQR is obtained by subtracting Q1 from Q3 (IQR = Q3 – Q1).

 

Graphically, we want to focus the readers’ attention on the IQR (Middle 50%). To do this, we show the boxes for quartiles 2 and 3 on the box plot since they show the range for 50% of the data points.

 

The extreme data points in quartiles 1 and 4 are also important since they give information about the lowest (minimum) and highest (maximum) values that were recorded. A line is drawn through our minimum and maximum values with a vertical line connecting these values. We now have the standard version of the box plot. It should be noted that if your data has outliers, they can be represented by data points above or below the stated maximum and minimum of the box plot. We will investigate how to determine outliers in a future blog post.

 

Now that we have created the box plot, it will be easier for our audience to understand the author’s experience for each journal. The median time to initial decision for Journal A is 38 days. This journal also has shorter boxes (smaller variance in the data points). So, 50% of the authors had a very similar time to initial decision for their manuscripts. For journal A, most manuscripts will get an initial decision sometime between 32.5 to 42 days (IQR = 9.5 days). Journal B has a slightly better median value of 36 days and short boxes (low variance), where 50% of their manuscripts reach an initial decision within 30.5 to 41.5 days (IQR = 11 days). However, the box plot also shows that some authors have very different experiences. Though the minimum values for Journal A and Journal B are similar, the maximum values are significantly different. At least one of the manuscripts at Journal B took 78 days to reach an initial decision.

Journal C’s data tells another story. While the median value for Journal C is 37 days, there is a larger variance in the time to initial decision, with 50% of the submission reaching an initial decision in 23.5 to 52 days (IQR  = 24 days). Because this range is so large, it is hard to predict how fast a manuscript will move through this journal. The box plot also shows that at least one manuscript received a decision after only 2 days, while other submissions took up to 85 days to get an initial decision. This shows that the author’s experience at Journal C is very inconsistent. It will be hard for the journal staff to advise an author on what they can expect with any degree of certainty.

As we all strive to create a positive, predictable experience for our authors, box plots can give journal staff illuminating information about their journal’s performance for any key indicator where there is a possible range of values.

Rebecca Meiser

Consultant

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Rebecca began her career in publishing with Mosby in St Louis, MO, in 1997. A 5-year editorial assistant position for Kidney International segued into a 15-year proofreading role for Wiley. She has proofread and copy edited for Graphic World, a publishing services company in St Louis, MO, and, more recently, she is a developmental copy editor for the Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care (Wiley) and a copy editor for TrueLearn, a testbank preparation tool for medical students. In 2019, Rebecca joined the Origin family as a contractor, working as an editorial assistant for the Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association, as well as copy editor and proofreader of multiple projects.

Libby Morgan Beri

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Libby contracts with Origin as a peer review manager for the National Academy of Medicine and editorial assistant for the American Institute of Physics and American Psychological Association. She is also a freelance academic manuscript editor and managing editor of the journals Policy and Society and Policy Design and Practice. In addition, Libby has significant experience in academic administration, through roles at the National University of Singapore (2015-2018) and the University of Pennsylvania (2006-2012). Her experience includes developing an assessment of faculty research output, quality and impact for annual review; designing and executing benchmarking against peer and aspirant schools; working with faculty and research centers on grant applications; and serving as a project manager for numerous international training programs funded by various U.S. government agencies.

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Carolyn worked in book publishing and as a freelance writer before taking on her current role. She works on the Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation and the Archives of Rehabilitation Research and Clinical Translation. Carolyn earned a BA in English from SUNY College at Cortland, studied at SUNY Binghamton, and later completed a Media Bistro Boot Camp for Journalists. She was proud to serve two-year terms on the boards of Camp Puzzle Peace (an organization that provides recreational opportunities to individuals with autism) and ISMTE. Carolyn lived in Chicago for many years and now lives in Rochester NY.

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Detra currently works at the American Dental Association. Her title is Senior Manager, Science Journals, Operations and Strategy. Since 2018, she has also served as a freelance managing editor for Origin Editorial. Detra has 20 years of scholarly publishing experience. She began her career at the University of Michigan (Ann Arbor, Michigan) at the Society of Research in Child Development (SRCD) where she served as an editorial assistant. Within three years, she was promoted to Publications Manager at SRCD. In 2011, Detra relocated back to her home state of Illinois to be closer to family and friends. Detra accepted a position at the American Academy of Dermatology as a managing editor for three journals from 2011 to 2021. Detra has a bachelor’s degree in Business Administration, and two Master of Science degrees. One from Northwestern University in Managerial Communications. The other is from Pace University in Publishing. In 2021, she received a Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion certificate from Florida State University. Detra has served on multiple committees for publishing organizations such as CSE and ISMTE. Detra is currently the Chair of the Workshop Committee for ISMTE. She has published two articles in scholarly publishing magazines: · Article title: "How to Acknowledge Your Reviewers" · Article title: "Using Metadata to Make Strategic Decisions for Your Journal"

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Jennifer has been in academic publishing for over 27 years. She began her journal career with the American Journal of Physiology: Renal Physiology which led her to cross the country from Boston to Vanderbilt to Yale with her EIC. She was a beta-tester for ScholarOne while at AJP: Renal. She then became the Publications Manager for the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology and managed the journal Neuropsychopharmacology (NPP). While moving home to Boston she took the position of internal Managing Editor for Evolution and Conservation Letters at John Wiley and Sons. She has been a freelance Managing Editor for JISAKOS, the European Journal of Clinical Nutrition and Oncogene. Currently Jennifer works with Origin Editorial on three projects; she is the Executive Peer Review Manager for the American Institutes for Physics Publishing contract and manages the Peer Review Process for over 18 journals. Jen also manages NPP and the Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association. She is a System Admin expert level user of eJP and ScholarOne. Jen has been on the Editorial Policy Committee of the Council of Science Editors for over 15 years and is currently serving her third year on the Board of Directors for ISMTE and has been on the Peer Review Week Committee for two years. She was the inaugural recipient of the ISMTE Ira Salkin award in 2017. Jen is an expert at publishing policies and workflows. Jen received her BA in English from the University of Massachusetts.

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Christine’s experience in scholarly publishing spans over 25 years. She joined the Origin Editorial team in 2013 and currently manages the peer review of Biomicrofluidics, AIP Advances, Structural Dynamics, and the annual Magnetism and Magnetic Materials conferences, providing excellent editorial support to editors, reviewer, and authors. Before joining Origin, Christine worked as a data conversion specialist, troubleshooting and correcting author-submitted data files for the American Institute of Physics (AIP). She then became a production editor responsible for copyediting, proofreading, and preparing journals for publication and managing the peer review for four AIP-owned physics journals, Conference Proceedings Program, and three ASTM engineering journals and books series. She also pioneered a new open access journal, assisted in the setup of new journal test sites, and implemented and streamlined peer review processes to decrease time to publication. Christine is also a member of ISMTE.

Carolyn Sperry

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Carolyn worked in book publishing and as a freelance writer before taking on her current role. She works on the Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation and the Archives of Rehabilitation Research and Clinical Translation. Carolyn earned a BA in English from SUNY College at Cortland, studied at SUNY Binghamton, and later completed a Media Bistro Boot Camp for Journalists. She was proud to serve two-year terms on the boards of Camp Puzzle Peace (an organization that provides recreational opportunities to individuals with autism) and ISMTE. Carolyn lived in Chicago for many years and now lives in Rochester NY.

Laura Rempel

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Laura started her career as a medical transcriptionist for an allergy and asthma clinic. In 2000, she began working as an Editorial Secretary for Applied Physics Letters. During this time, she was the lead in the setting up of the peer review and editorial management system, PXP, for the journal. She provided input in the development and implementation for the needs of the journal’s editorial team. She joined the Origin Editorial team in 2013 and continued to work for Applied Physics Letters as an Assistant Peer Review Manager. In 2015, she assisted in the launch of APL Photonics, managing the editorial office and assisting editors with the peer-review process, preparing manuscripts to send to production, and managing the peer-review database. More recently, she has added the role of Peer Review Manager for The Journal of Chemical Physics. Laura is also a member of ISMTE.

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Linda has been in academic publishing her entire career. For the past 20+ years she has worked in peer review management and operations. At the American Institute of Physics (AIP) she managed peer review for five AIP-owned physics journals, three ASTM engineering journals, AIP Conference Proceedings, and the annual Magnetism and Magnetic Materials conference. She wrote and maintained a peer review manual and developed sample manuscripts for 13 journals published by AIP. In 2013 she joined Origin Editorial and currently manages peer review for three journals in the AIP Publishing portfolio. She is a member of several professional organizations, including ISMTE. Linda loves working in peer review because of the communication it allows with authors, reviewers, and editors from around the world. Earlier in her career, Linda was a copyeditor at AIP for several Physical Review journals. She wrote a copyediting manual for staff and was on the editorial team that updated the AIP Editorial Handbook, 2nd ed. She was instrumental in setting up the first freelance copyediting program at AIP and became a cottage employee herself for a while when her two boys were born. When she returned to work in-house, Linda was responsible for training and supervising overseas copyediting vendors and a large American cottage copyediting staff. She created two major copyediting style manuals for use by the cottage staff, independent contractors, and vendors. Linda also worked as a copyeditor for Pergamon Press, Aptara, and Cold Spring Harbor Labs. She received a BA in English from Adelphi University.

Benita Hammer

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Benita has more than 30 years of experience in the scientific publishing world. She began her career as a proofreader, then copy editor for American Institute of Physics (AIP), working on 12 journals. She joined their newly formed Quality Assurance team and helped create the inaugural QA manual for outside vendors that is continued to be used. In 2010, Benita moved to peer review, providing editorial support to editors, reviewers, and authors. Joining Origin in 2013, Benita now manages the peer review of AIP Publishing’s Physics of Plasmas and Structural Dynamics, as well as management of the production-side of AIP Conference Proceedings. She also managed the submission-side of AIP Conference Proceedings and the Russian-translation journal, Low Temperature Physics. She is a member of several professional organizations, including ISMTE. Benita copyedits for Cold Spring Harbor Labs, her public library newsletters, as well as books and dissertations for people in her community. Outside of work, Benita remains involved in community service, raising awareness and funds for the Crohn’s and Colitis Foundation. She is also a member of a scholarship committee that provides grants for further education to graduating high school students. Benita received her BA in English from Hofstra University.

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Alexis Wynne Mogul, a former physicist, has worked in the scientific publishing industry for nearly 20 years. She in an expert manager of people and editorial and production processes, and she specializes in supporting authors, reviewers, and editors. Alexis got her start in the industry as a copy editor for Science (AAAS), and has since worked as a production editor, managing editor, and editorial director for numerous scientific and medical journals. For six years she built and managed a large team that supported PLOS ONE during the height of their submission volume. Since joining Origin Editorial in 2017, Alexis has enjoyed working with a number of client journals and societies in various editorial roles. She now serves as the Author Services Manager for a large client, and she looks forward to offering her scientific and editing expertise to the awardee teams with an eye toward customer service and collaborative communication.

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Jen’s background is in trade publishing—mostly on the adult side, but she has worked on some young adult and juvenile books as well. Jen graduated from Harvard College with a degree in English and American Literature and Language and thereafter worked for New York-based publishing houses such as HarperCollins, Henry Holt and Co., and Harcourt, Inc. Jen ran her own editorial consulting shop, working with literary agents, trade publishing houses, web marketing firms, and private clients on projects ranging from books and articles to screenplays and SEO content. Jen is currently working as a project manager, a social media manager, and an annual conference coordinator for the American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine. She also provides editorial support to the editorial office of the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association journals.

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James is the Assistant Managing Editor for the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology (JACI). He has a Master’s Degree in Sport Psychology and a PhD in Education (Psychopedagogy) from the University of Ottawa. His doctoral research was focused on how to construct an informal learning environment in a small group setting (i.e., a “community of practice”). James worked for eight years as a Senior Clinical Research Associate at the Ottawa Hospital Research Institute (OHRI) before joining the Origin team. His main focus there was on studying the effectiveness and improving the quality of training for authors, peer reviewers, and editors of biomedical journals. Since beginning at Origin, James has taken a keen interest in developing ways to leverage the remote working environment and flexibility within one’s workday to improve job performance and enhance self-care, particularly through physical activity and nature. In his free time, James competes internationally in the sport of adventure racing, traveling around the world to compete in Adventure Racing World Series events.

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Judy has worked in the scholarly publishing industry for over 30 years and has experience in almost every aspect of scholarly publishing from working with a variety of content providers, such as for- and not-for-profit entities, pharmaceutical companies, advertising agencies and trade publications to create and curate content to drive action and make an impact. A detail-oriented, approachable, and engaging communicator with strong interpersonal skills, she is an excellent team and individual contributor who has exceptional editorial and organizational skills.

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Lynn began her career in the Biological Research Division at Argonne National Laboratory for 10 years as group secretary for the Beagle Project typing manuscripts, research grant proposals, and inputting data tracking each dog’s history. She also served as the Administrative Secretary to the Assistant Division Director. In 1984 she transferred to the Review of Scientific Instruments Editorial Office as an Editorial Assistant managing the office and processing manuscripts through the entire peer-review system. She also attended national and international conferences interacting with the participants handling submissions through the peer-review process. She assisted in the development and testing of the journal’s original 4D data system and current PXP system. Lynn joined Origin Editorial in 2013 as an Assistant Peer Review Manager overseeing the editorial office and assisting editors on Review of Scientific Instruments. She has worked on the Journal of Applied Physics and is presently the APRM on Physics of Fluids. She has recently taken on the role of Peer Review Manager for AIPP. Lynn is a member of ISMTE.

Anita Bell

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Anita began her career in the legal field working for various law firms. After graduating from college, she landed a job working for the American Heart Association as an editorial assistant. Currently, she is the Managing Editor for the Head & Neck journal. Anita enjoys volunteering for different organizations such as Baker Ripley American Cancer Society and many different church organizations. In her free time, she enjoys hanging out with her family, cruising, relaxing and enjoying life.

Erin Hernandez

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Erin joined Origin in 2020 bringing decades of academic publishing experience. Erin is the managing editor for two journals owned by a large commercial publisher. She also works on Peer Review for various APA journals. Erin received her Bachelor of Arts in English specializing in Book Publishing from Hofstra University and also holds Project Manager Professional (PMP) certification.

Adam Etkin

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Adam is an established leader in the scholarly publishing industry with over twenty years of experience and a proven track record of taking concepts, technology, and businesses from idea to reality. He is highly experienced with all aspects of the publishing environment including journals, books, submission and peer review, ethics, plagiarism, access models, funding mandates, budgeting, publishing and hosting platforms, metrics, XML, print and digital production, multimedia, mobile applications, all related technology and more. Adam founded PRE (Peer Review Evaluation), a suite of technology and data driven services designed to support and strengthen the peer-review process on behalf of researchers, publishers, and libraries. He is a highly regarded and sought-after speaker at many world-wide industry conferences and events with a true passion for technology and the publishing industry.

Meghan McDevitt

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Meghan has spent her entire career in the scholarly publishing industry and is an experienced editorial office professional specializing in the efficient management of peer-reviewed publications. She is President of ISMTE (2022-2023) and has been an active member since 2011, including serving as the Editor of Editorial Office News (2014-2016) and as the society’s Treasurer (2017-2018). Meghan was the 2018 recipient of the ISMTE Award for Excellence. At Origin, she is the managing editor for a large client. Meghan began her career as an editorial assistant for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy at the American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy and later became the assistant manager of clinical publications where she oversaw the development of clinical practice guidelines. Prior to joining Origin, Meghan was the managing editor of The Journal of Pediatrics where she transitioned the editorial office to an electronic workflow, standardized the Editorial Board selection and onboarding processes, and worked with journal editors to evaluate the journal’s policies and practices in relation to diversity, equity, and inclusion. Meghan attended the University of Dayton in Dayton, Ohio and graduated with degrees in English and French

Meg Weist

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Meg is dedicated to providing enhanced editorial support for editors, reviewers, and authors in a variety of STEM disciplines. Meg came to publishing through the sciences initially assisting in the development of Engineering and Computer Sciences texts. Moving to journal publications, Meg served as the Managing Editor for over a decade on the American Journal of Medical Genetics through its transition from a single entity to its current multipart format. In joining Origin Editorial, Meg brought experience in two of the major online peer review platforms, working in both academic and medical environments, in-house and in distributed editorial office operations. She has worked on several journals under the Origin auspices. She is a member of CSE, ISMTE, and EFA. She is a past ISMTE Board member and has served on several ISMTE committees, including Education & Standards and the annual Conference Workshop.

Megan Ventura

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Megan earned her BA degrees in English Literature and French Language at the University of California, Santa Barbara. After graduation, she began working as an Editorial Assistant for Physics of Fluids. She later went on to earn her Masters in Writing and Publishing from Emerson College in Boston. Megan further refined her academic publishing skill set at SAGE Publishing where she served as an Associate Editor for the Education and Criminology/Criminal Justice lists. After joining Origin Editorial, she has assisted the teams for Physics of Fluids, Journal of Applied Physics, Applied Physics Letters, and Physics of Plasmas.

Ravi Govindaraj

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Ravi is a peer-review management enthusiast and passionate to explore new frontiers in the Scientific journal publications. He holds M.Tech in Biotechnology from VIT University, Vellore, and B.Tech in Biotechnology from Anna University, Chennai. His research was focused on development of indigenous dialyser at Anna University, Chennai. He has worked on various research projects involving treatment of various industrial effluents, Bioethanol production and nano-drug delivery. His analytical skills in research were recognized with a ‘Best poster award’ for his project focused on development of polyphenol loaded avocado oil nanoemulsion for topical application in a national conference. In addition, he has received various awards like ‘Special Achiever award’, ‘Achiever award’ and ‘Excellent performer award’ for all-round outstanding performance in extracurricular, co-curricular and sports activities. His intellectual competence is outlined with his GATE, BEC-Vantage and NCAT qualifications. He has led national symposiums, NSS, and Chess teams. He has several years of experience in the editorial/publishing industry with prominent publishers like Springer Nature, Taylor and Francis and Scientific Scholar.

Alice Landwehr

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Alice started her career in medical publishing and editing with The Journal of Pediatrics as an Editorial Assistant, becoming the journal’s first Senior Editorial Assistant and Press Release Writer, and eventually serving as its Managing Editor, when she transitioned the journal from a paper-based system to the online submission and review system Editorial Manager. She has provided publication management services for peer-reviewed journals such as Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine; Disability and Health Journal; Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology; Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology; Gastrointestinal Endoscopy; Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry; and others. She also worked for the American Board of Radiology as Senior Content Editor and Assistant Director of the Standards Division and for the University of Arizona Press, an academic and literary book publisher, as Art and Typesetting Assistant for the production department. Alice has a Bachelor’s of Arts in English from Northern Kentucky University and a Graduate Certificate in Professional Editing and Writing from the University of Cincinnati. She currently lives in Tucson, Arizona, and she leads fun and supportive low-impact Zumba Gold and EnerChi exercise classes for active older adults and beginners, currently online and in-person.

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Wendy has worked in various professions and passions, including portrait photography and banking, before entering the field of medical publishing. Previously she worked at Mayo Clinic Arizona as a medical administrative assistant, credentialist, and general surgery residency coordinator for the Department of Medical Education. Wendy became managing editor for the neuroscience publications of Cephalalgia and Headache Currents. She joined the Origin Editorial team in March of 2018. At present, she supports the editorial office for ASHA journals. Wendy has previously provided editorial office management services for Restorative Medicine, Anesthesiology, and ILAR Journal. Wendy was a previous board member for ISMTE. She has database skills using these two platforms ScholarOne and Editorial Manager manuscript management systems.

Ann Casper

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Ann is Editor-in-Chief of Penelope Institute—an institute for the profoundly gifted. She is also an academic editor with extensive journal experience as Managing/Copyeditor for Animal Sentience and Senior Editor/Editorial Intern Mentor for Society & Animals. She has 17 years of editorial experience, including as a photojournalist, ghostwriter, production editor, and editorial assistant. Ann has also tutored English Language Learners, classmates and colleagues at University of Wisconsin–Madison, graduate students in engineering, K–12 immigrants and refugees, and gifted students. In addition to editing publications in the sciences, social sciences, and humanities, Ann is also collaborating to build her own editing website and form a creative collective with fellow musicians, writers, filmmakers, and artists. Ann loves learning about architecture, psychology, and classical music. For fun, she writes poetry; hosts open mics and performs standup comedy at the local tea bar; practices vinyasa yoga; bikes; and ventures to parks, concerts, and museums. Ann also enjoys moonlighting as a cat and dog “Nanny” in Chicago.

Alicia Byrne

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Alicia has been with Origin Editorial since 2014, when she joined the team as the Managing Editor for Wilderness & Environmental Medicine, the official journal of the Wilderness Medical Society. Alicia brings a background in editorial processes, copyediting, and proofreading to Origin. She also edits the biannual Origin newsletter and is a member of ISMTE.

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As part of the marketing team, Abbie maintains Origin Editorial's and Origin Reports' social media accounts. For Origin Reports, she coordinates webinars, handles client communications, and manages the company's blog. Abbie also creates product demonstration videos and updates the Origin Reports website.

Sherrie Hill

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Sherrie has been with Origin Editorial since 2017. She has worked in the editorial office for several journals and is currently working as the Assistant Peer Review Manager for the American Journal of Audiology. Additionally, Sherrie is the Project Manager for the editorial office reporting software application, Origin Reports. She uses her background in engineering to help design the customized editorial office charts, tables, and reports available in the application. Sherrie also provides personalized customer support for all Origin Reports users with reporting issues or questions.

Diane Dunham Drexler

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Diane began as a chemistry and physics instructor, providing a seamless transition to academic publishing. She served as the Publications Manager for the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology and managed its premier journal Neuropsychopharmacology. Later, she steered the college’s new initiative, Neuropsychopharmacology Reviews, from its launch through the sixth volume, including liaising with the publisher’s medical illustrator to create NPPR’s signature graphics. Diane has worked closely with abstract management submission designers and production teams to create online meeting abstracts and eBooks. She is exceptionally skilled in eJP, EM, and believes in a collaborative effort. Joining Origin Editorial in 2012 as the Publications Director for the American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine, she managed the Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation until her more recent role of Peer Review Manager for Applied Physics Letters at the American Institute of Physics. Additionally, she manages the Journal of Clinical Lipidology, a publication of the National Lipid Society. Diane serves on several committees at ISMTE and is a member of CSE. She has Diane received her undergraduate degree from The University of Mary Washington in Virginia and her MEd in Secondary Science from Converse University in South Carolina.

Steve Cavanaugh

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Steve got his start in publishing with Mosby Year-Book in Philadelphia in 1995, after working as a teacher, chef and various sundry jobs up and down the East Coast of the US. After returning to the Boston, Mass area, he worked in IT until returning to publishing with the journal Pharmacotherapy in 1999. He joined the Origin Editorial team in 2013 and has worked on a variety of journals in medicine, environmental science and physics.

Denise Kuo

Client Coordinator/Consultant

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Denise is a highly accomplished journal operations professional with 15+ years of experience in scientific publishing. She has expertise in team leadership, customer relationships, and leading successful complex projects to implement efficiencies for improved productivity and reduction in costs. Denise is respected as a strong people leader excelling at developing and mentoring teams in providing high-quality, meaningful insight to senior management and other stakeholders for positive results. Before coming to Origin, she served as Director of Journal Operations, Circulation Journals and JAHA at the American Heart Association where she was responsible for ensuring standardization and implementing workflow efficiencies across the 13-journal portfolio. She is a member of ISMTE and SSP where she serves on the Marketing and Communications Committee.

Glenn Collins

Client Coordinator/Consultant

gcollins@origineditorial.com

Glenn graduated from Cornell University in 1991 with a BS in Biology. After working in a microbiology lab for a few years at Pall Corporation he started his STM publishing career at John Wiley and Sons in 1995. He left Wiley and moved to San Diego in 2000 where he first worked for the journal Brain Research before becoming the managing editor of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology (JACC). After twelve plus years as the Executive Managing Editor of the JACC journals Glenn moved to Origin Editorial where he assumed the role of Publications Director/Managing Editor for the American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine (ACRM). In this role he oversees the Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation and its open access companion the Archives of Rehabilitation Research and Clinical Translation. In 2021 Glenn assumed the position of Director of Sales, Publications and Social Media for ACRM. Glenn has helped develop and launch five (and counting) new journals in the STM field. Glenn is a past president of ISMTE.

Dave Allen

Client Coordinator/Consultant

dallen@origineditorial.co

Dave has over 21 years of publishing experience. He started his publishing career with the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research, which self-published a journal and textbook, eventually becoming the Director of Publications. He then moved to take editorial leadership of CIG Media Group, LLC, which operated eight clinical oncology journals. From there he became a Publisher for Elsevier, specializing in oncology and radiology, with a portfolio of 12 journals, overseeing their operations for seven years. Dave moved to Origin Editorial in 2018 where he continues to manage journals as well as provide consultations for scientific societies. His Origin clients have included the American Association of Thoracic Surgery, the American Heart Association, and Cochrane. Dave has recently started as the Editorial Director for a large client. Dave has extensive experience in project, people, and budget management in the private and non-profit sectors. His experience includes developing and implementing new initiatives; creating and managing complex workflows and processes; forecasting and developing budgets; supervising employees; and collaborating with commercial sponsors, governing boards, and society leaders. Dave is the vice chair of the ISMTE Sponsorship Committee.

Erin Landis

Managing Director

elandis@origineditorial.com

Erin has more than two decades of leadership, strategic planning, project management, and relationship-building experience. As the Managing Director of Origin Editorial, she guides strategy, business development, and operations. Before Origin, she was the Vice President of Publications for the American Gastroenterological Association (AGA), where she oversaw the editorial and financial operations, as well as the strategic direction of several GI-related publications, including five peer-reviewed journals. Erin recently served as the president of ISMTE and serves as the chair of the Global Event Oversight Committee and as a member on the Education & Standards Committee. She’s also a member of SSP and CSE where she has served as a mentor. Also, she is a current member of the CSE DEI Committee. She also served as co-chair of the Publishing Professional Peer Group for the Council of Medical Specialty Societies and was a member of the writing group for the C4DISC Toolkits for Equity Project’s “Antiracism Toolkit for Organizations.” Erin received her degree in psychology from The College of William & Mary in Williamsburg, VA.

Kristen Overstreet

Senior Partner

kristen@origineditorial.com

Kristen oversees operations for Origin Editorial and Origin Reports, including managing the process of finding experienced team members to provide services to Origin’s clients. Kristen is a Past President of the ISMTE Board of Directors and currently serves the ISMTE on the Early Career and North America Meeting committees. She is also a member of the CSE, recently serving on their IAB Task Force, and FORCE11, serving on the Research Data Publishing Ethics Working Group. For more than 20 years, Kristen has been known for elevating journal operations and improving journal and peer review management through use of effective policies and procedures. She provides consultation to Origin clients regarding effective peer review management and speaks regularly on peer review operations and ethics at industry meetings.

Jason Roberts, PhD

Senior Partner

Jason@origineditorial.com

Dr. Roberts is a globally recognized peer review management specialist, publisher and intermittent academic investigator on all matters related to the conduct of peer review. He is focused on improving the quality, rigorousness and successful delivery of scholarly communications, regardless of discipline. After earning a doctorate in Geography from Loughborough University in the United Kingdom, Dr. Roberts began a career in publishing at Blackwell Science in Oxford, England and then Boston, Massachusetts, eventually becoming a Senior Editor of US-based medical journals. In 2010, Dr. Roberts formed Origin Editorial, one of the first, and now largest, independently owned companies to offer professional peer review management for journals. Dr. Roberts is a past-president of ISMTE. Dr. Roberts has a particular interest in improving standards of reporting in biomedical journals and the monitoring of publication ethics issues. He has contributed book chapters and research articles on these topics and collaborated closely with the EQUATOR Network, the Ottawa Centre for Journalology and the Committee on Publication Ethics. Dr. Roberts is a co-author of Peer Review: Reform and Renewal in Scientific Publishing” (2017, Against the Grain Publishing). He currently sits on the editorial board of the journal Research Integrity and Peer Review and is a frequent reviewer for papers on the subject of peer review for Learned Publishing and The BMJ